WebGL Simple 2D Example 1

Simplest example to display moving 2D triangles in WebGL!

Full JavaScript code on this page: (or you can View Page Source)

var gl, canvas

function gameLoop() {
	window.requestAnimationFrame(gameLoop)

	// Clear the screen.
	gl.clear(gl.COLOR_BUFFER_BIT)

	// The points of our triangles we want to draw.
	// x,y positions. 0,0 is the center of the canvas. -1,1 is the top left.
	var vertices = [
		-0.5+Math.sin(Date.now()*.01), 0.5,
		-0.5, -0.5,
		0.5, -0.5, 
		// Another small triangle for fun.
		-0.7, 0.0,
		-0.8, -0.2,
		-0.6, -0.1,
	]

	// Tell webGL to draw these triangles this frame.
	gl.bufferData(gl.ARRAY_BUFFER, new Float32Array(vertices), gl.STATIC_DRAW)

	// Draw all the triangles.
	gl.drawArrays(gl.TRIANGLES, 0, vertices.length/2)
}

function glSetup() {
	canvas = document.getElementById("myCanvas")
	gl = canvas.getContext("experimental-webgl")

	// Set the viewport size to be the whole canvas.
	gl.viewport(0, 0, canvas.width, canvas.height)

	// Set the background color to sky blue.
	gl.clearColor(.5, .7, 1, 1)

	// Tell webGL that we aren't doing anything special with the vertex buffer, just use a default one.
	gl.bindBuffer(gl.ARRAY_BUFFER, gl.createBuffer())

	// Vertex shader source code.
	var vertCode =
	"attribute vec2 coordinates;" +
	"void main(void) {" +
		// We are passing in only 2D X,Y coordinates. Then Z is always 0.0 and the divisor is always 1.0
		" gl_Position = vec4(coordinates, 0.0, 1.0);" +
	"}"

	// Create a vertex shader object.
	var vertShader = gl.createShader(gl.VERTEX_SHADER)
	gl.shaderSource(vertShader, vertCode)
	gl.compileShader(vertShader)

	// Fragment shader source code.
	var fragCode =
	"void main(void) {" +
		// We aren't passing in colors right now so all the triangles are green. G=1.0=full green.
		" gl_FragColor = vec4(0.0, 1.0, 0.0, 1.0);" +
	"}"

	// Create fragment shader object.
	var fragShader = gl.createShader(gl.FRAGMENT_SHADER)
	gl.shaderSource(fragShader, fragCode)
	gl.compileShader(fragShader)

	// Tell webGL to use both my shaders.
	var shaderProgram = gl.createProgram()
	gl.attachShader(shaderProgram, vertShader)
	gl.attachShader(shaderProgram, fragShader)
	gl.linkProgram(shaderProgram)
	gl.useProgram(shaderProgram)

	// Tell webGL to read 2 floats from the vertex array for each vertex
	// and store them in my vec2 shader variable I've named "coordinates"
	var coord = gl.getAttribLocation(shaderProgram, "coordinates")
	gl.vertexAttribPointer(coord, 2, gl.FLOAT, false, 0, 0)
	gl.enableVertexAttribArray(coord)
}

window.onload = function() {
	glSetup()
	gameLoop()
}
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Step 2 - Adding drawTriangle() »